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Useful Mortgage Terms

 

A useful glossary of terms and information to see you through the mortgage minefield.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

A


A.S.U. - Accident, sickness and unemployment insurance (sometimes referred to as A.S.U. - accident, sickness and redundancy insurance). This is an insurance policy which is taken out by the borrower and protects against the borrower being unable to work for these reasons. The policy will usually pay a percentage of the normal monthly mortgage repayment (plus insurance) if the borrower is unable to work due to accident/sickness or unemployment/redundancy. These payments will normally only be made for a limited period of time - typically 12 or 24 months or until the borrower returns to work. The terms of these policies and the cost vary considerably from company to company. www.MortgageShop.com offers its clients such plans on our site www.UKinsurances.com .

Administration Fee - This is a fee charged by some lenders which is not refundable if the mortgage application does not proceed. The Administration fee will often form part of the valuation fee but will be retained by the lender even if the valuation has not been carried out.

Adverse Credit - This is a general term which encompasses arrears and county court judgments. It can also include major credit problems which have resulted in bankruptcy. For further information look at arrears, county court judgment and bankruptcy.Bad Credit Mortgage

Annual Percentage Rate - This is meant to show the true cost of borrowing and adjusts the notional interest rate to take account of all the initial fees and ongoing costs to reflect the real cost of borrowing throughout the entire mortgage term. Unfortunately there is currently some disagreement over how this rate should be calculated and some distortions occur. Whilst this could be a good way to compare relative deals care should be taken to ensure that the rates being compared have been calculated on the same basis.

Annuity Mortgage - See Repayment Mortgage

Application - Making a mortgage application couldn't be simpler click here.

Arrangement Fee - This is a fee charged by some lenders in order to access particular mortgage deals. Arrangement fees particularly apply if you are looking for a fixed rate or discounted rate mortgage and these may either be payable up front, added to the loan on completion, or deducted from the loan on completion (check with the chosen lender which one applies).

Arrears - Contracted mortgage payment not made by the due date. Applicants who have arrears on a current mortgage may experience problems if attempting to arrange a new mortgage through the mainstream lenders. A number of lenders do, however, specialise in this area of the market and their details can be found in the Bad Credit Mortgage section.

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B

Bankruptcy - Anyone can go bankrupt, including individual members of a partnership. There are different procedures for dealing with companies and for partnerships themselves. When a bankruptcy order has been made you must:
  • Provide the Official Receiver with a full list of your assets and details of what you owe and to whom;
  • Look after and then hand over your assets to the Official Receiver together with all your books, records, bank statements, insurance policies and other papers relating to your property and financial affairs
  • Tell your trustee about assets and increases in income you obtain during your bankruptcy. (Note: you are legally obliged to inform your trustee of any property which becomes yours during the bankruptcy. Such property includes lump sum cash payments that you may receive, for example redundancy payments or money left in a will);
  • Stop using your bank, building society, credit card and similar accounts straightaway
  • Not obtain credit of £250 or more from any person without first disclosing the fact that you are bankrupt.
  • Not make payments direct to your creditors.

You may also have to go to court and explain why you are in debt. If you do not co-operate, you could be arrested.

Buy to Let - A term used to describe the purchase of a residential property for the sole purpose of letting the property to a tenant. Whilst the majority of lenders will not provide mortgage finance for this purpose a number do specialise in this niche area of the market. The details of these lenders and the terms on which they will grant a mortgage can be found in the Buy To Let Mortgage section.

Buildings & Contents Insurance - These are policies covering your property from burglary, flood, fire, storms etc. The Mortgage Shop offers its clients such plans on our site www.UKinsurances.com .

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C

Capital and Interest Mortgage - (see Repayment Mortgage)

Capital Raising - Normally refers to a Remortgage when additional funds are taken over and above the amount required to repay the existing mortgage debt which is then used for personal finance purposes.

Capped Rate - A capped rate is a mixture between a fixed rate and a variable rate. The interest rate is guaranteed not to rise above a set level within the capped rate period but if the normal variable mortgage rate is below the capped rate then the variable rate is charged. This gives the 'best of both worlds' as the interest rate can fall but will not rise above the capped rate. However, the level at which the cap is fixed is usually higher than for a fixed rate mortgage for a comparable period of time. Sometimes 'Cap and Collar' mortgages are offered and these impose a minimum payment rate (the collar) in addition to the maximum rate (the cap). The lender will normally impose early redemption penalties if the mortgage is redeemed within the first few years (see Redemption Penalties).

Cash Back - This is the arrangement whereby a cash sum of money is repaid to the borrower at the start of the mortgage. The amount of the cash back will vary considerably from lender to lender with the highest amounts being paid where the borrower is willing to forgo any fixed or discounted rate offers and pay the normal variable mortgage rate. Cash back deals are also available in conjunction with some fixed or discounted rates but the amount of the cash back will normally be reduced in these circumstances. If a large cash back is being considered then it could, in some circumstances, be liable to Capital Gains Tax (refer to the lender, your accountant or local tax office for clarification). The lender will normally impose early redemption penalties if the mortgage is redeemed within the first few years (see Redemption Penalties).

Centralised Lender - This refers to the group of lenders, other than high street banks and building societies, who operate without a branch network, normally from one location.

Conditional Insurance - This refers to insurance products which some lenders will impose as a condition of their mortgage offer. This could mean that the lender insists that accident, sickness and unemployment cover is taken out or that combined buildings and contents insurance is taken. If looking for a fixed or discounted product then these conditions should especially be watched for.

County Court Judgement (CCJ) - A judgment for debt recorded at a County Court. These judgments will be shown when the lender carries out a credit search. If the debt has been repaid, subsequent to the judgement being recorded, then the entry will be marked 'satisfied'. The appearance of CCJ's on the credit register will greatly reduce mortgage options and nearly all lenders will insist that they are satisfied before considering an application. Even with the judgment's) satisfied few lenders are prepared to consider lending other than for the most minor judgments. Bad Credit Mortgage

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D

Discounted Rate - The lender agrees to give a fixed discount off the normal variable rate for a guaranteed period of time. The discounted rate will move up and down with the normal variable rate but the payment rate will retain the agreed differential below the variable rate for the agreed period of time. If a discounted rate is taken the lender will normally impose early redemption penalties if the mortgage is repaid within the first few years (see Redemption Penalties).

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E

Endowment Mortgage - An interest only mortgage supported by an endowment policy. During the term of the mortgage only interest on the mortgage is paid to the lender. At the same time premiums are paid into an endowment policy which is designed to mature at the end of the mortgage term. The proceeds of the endowment policy are designed to repay the mortgage debt, although with a low cost endowment policy it is not guaranteed that the proceeds will be sufficient to repay the debt. In addition to providing the investment to repay the mortgage debt the endowment policy will also include life assurance which will repay the mortgage debt in the event of the death of the policyholder within the policy term.

Exchange of Contracts (NOT SCOTLAND) - This is the stage in the property transaction at which legally binding contracts are exchanged between the buyer and the seller. Once contracts are exchanged the vendor becomes legally obliged to sell and the purchaser to buy on the terms agreed.

Existing Liabilities - This term is used by lenders to define all other finance commitments apart from the existing mortgage. This will take into account such items as bank loans, HP, credit cards, maintenance payments (to ex-spouse) etc. Most lenders will take these items into account when assessing how much they are prepared to lend and will usually deduct 12 months payments from gross annual income before applying their normal income multipliers.

European Mortgages - These are usually loans on properties owned by individuals outside of the UK this could be in Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, Cyprus, they are best arranged by a reputable Independent Financial Adviser specialising in such, www.EuropeanMortgages.com. They can be loans for properties within the UK if the applicant has their wages / earnings paid in Euros.

Enquiry - Making a mortgage enquiry couldn't be simpler click here.

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F

First Time Buyers (FTB or FTP) - lenders differ in their definition of a First Time Buyer. Some lenders will include in this someone who has owned a property before but has no property to sell (i.e. may be renting temporarily after selling) and other lenders will include joint borrowers where just one party is a FTB. Other lenders will take a more literal definition and only include someone who has never owned a property before.

Fixed Rate - The lender will fix the interest rate that they charge at a set level for a fixed period of time. There are normally a whole range of fixed rate products available from different lenders and these vary in terms from very short periods (3-6 months) up to the whole 25 year mortgage term. The lender will normally charge early redemption penalties if the mortgage is redeemed within the fixed rate period and often beyond the initial period (See Redemption Penalties).

Flexible Schemes - This is a term that describes a number of new mortgage schemes and is based on the fact that some of these lenders calculate the interest on the mortgage on a daily - rather than annual basis. This offers the lenders the opportunity to be more flexible with the managing of an account than would be the case otherwise. That said, there is a wide range of lenders advertising that they are flexible in outlook. It will range from the top of the scale to lenders who offer bank accounts, credit cards and full management of the finances via one account which includes the mortgage loan, or lenders that allow payment holidays, or an ability to overpay each month to either build up a fund to draw on at a later stage or to help redeem the mortgage early. At the lower end of the scale lenders will allow a partial redemption of a fixed rate - say 10% each year - without penalty. Flexible Mortgage

Freehold (NOT SCOTLAND) - This describes the tenure of a property where ownership of the property and land is held indefinitely. This compares with leasehold property where the property is held for a limited period of time. Further Advance - this is an additional loan made by the existing mortgage lender and secured by the first charge on the property. The Further Advance can be used for a variety of purposes (subject to the lenders approval) such as home improvement, purchase of freehold, or personal purposes such as debt consolidation.

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G

Guarantor - A guarantor is a person other than the borrower who guarantees the mortgage repayments. A Guarantor can sometimes be used to support a borrower who has insufficient income to qualify for a mortgage in their own right. The Guarantor will normally need to have sufficient income to support the new mortgage in its entirety after taking into account any existing mortgage and other commitments they have personally. The Guarantor becomes responsible for the whole mortgage repayment if the borrower defaults.

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H

Home Buyers Report - A type of survey report which is more detailed than a Mortgage Valuation but not as in depth as a Full Structural Survey. A Home Buyers Report is often carried out by the proposed lenders surveyor and the report can then be used for the lender to replace the Mortgage Valuation in addition to acting as a detailed report for the borrower. A Home Buyers report may not be suitable for certain types of property where a Structural Survey may be more relevant. If in doubt talk to the surveyor you propose to use.

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I

Income Multiplier - Income Multipliers are used by lenders as one calculation in determining how much they are prepared to lend on mortgage. The most common multiplier used is 3 times a single income or 2.5 times joint incomes, whichever gives the higher figure. More generous multipliers are available from some lenders and lenders will be more flexible if the Loan to Value is relatively low.

Insurance Guarantee premium - (See Mortgage Indemnity Premium)

Initial Interest - This figure is usually shown on the mortgage completion statement and refers to the amount of interest charged from the date that the funds are drawn down to the first repayment date. This has the effect of increasing the first mortgage payment and the amount of the initial interest payable will depend on the time in the month when the mortgage is completed. For example, if the mortgage payment is due on the 1st of the month and the mortgage is completed on 18th June then the first monthly mortgage payment will become due on 1st August. That monthly payment will, however, include one months interest from 1st July - 1st August and also 13 days interest from 18th June - 30th June which represents the initial interest.

Interest Only Mortgage - Interest only mortgages have become increasingly popular in recent years. Interest only mortgages can be supported by an endowment policy, pension plan or Pep in which case they are normally referred to as an endowment, pension or Pep mortgage. An interest only mortgage may, however, be arranged without the support of any particular repayment vehicle. Many lenders will now accept payment of interest only on the basis that the borrower makes their own arrangements to repay the capital at or before the end of the mortgage term. This could be done in a number of ways such as inheritance, sale of the property or from the realisation of other assets.

Interest Rates - For details of up to date mortgage rates please visit our home page for the best mortgage deals.

Individual Savings Accounts - Details were announced in the budget on 17/03/1998 and the main details are as follows : The new account will start on April 6th, 1999 and will replace PEP's and TESSA's from that date. It will be guaranteed to run for at least 10 years. There will be a review after seven years and changes may be made to the terms after the initial ten year period has expired. There will be a maximum investment allowed of £5000 per annum, of which £1000 can be put into life assurance and £1000 into cash (including National Savings). This annual limit will be raised to £7000 for the first year only - and up to £3000 will be allowed to be held in cash.

The plans will be offered by Banks, Building Societies, Insurance Companies and Supermarkets, and the Post Office.

Savers will have the option of having one manager look after the three components of the ISA or having three separate managers looking after the cash, life assurance and stocks and shares. The fixed maximums per component will ensure that savers do not invest too much and break the rules.

The plan will be exempt from both income and capital-gains-tax. In addition a 10% tax-credit will be paid for the first five years of the scheme (until 5th April,2004 ) on dividends received from UK equities. This also applies to UK equities that back the life assurance element.

There are no statutory tie-in periods so access will depend on the plan rules that an investor chooses.

In the budget on March 22nd, 2000 the Chancellor announced that for the tax year 2000 - 2001 the investment limits would remain at the original level of £7000 and not be reduced as originally stated to £5000.

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J
K
L
Land Registry Fee - This is a fee charged by the Land Registry to record a change in the registered title of Registered Land. The change will normally be notified to the Land Registry by the solicitor acting in the house purchase (or Remortgage) and as such the Land Registry fee will normally be payable to the solicitor and accounted for in his final account.

Leasehold (NOT SCOTLAND) - This is the tenure that applies to most flats and maisonettes in the UK (excluding Scotland). As opposed to freehold property the rights to the property are owned only for a fixed period of time, with the freehold being held by a third party. The lease outlines the responsibilities of the various lessees in a block and determines the arrangements to be adopted for such things as upkeep of the common areas and insurance of the property. Because these cross covenants are required to avoid disagreements and confusion between the lessees only leasehold flats and maisonettes are mortgageable. This should not be confused with the situation where the freehold is owned by all the lessees in a block and this will commonly be advertised as 'share of freehold'. Providing individual leases exist for each lessee then this would normally be acceptable to mortgage lenders. If in any doubt always take legal advice before proceeding.

Legal Completion - This refers to the time at which the legal ownership of the property changes hands. This date will usually be agreed upon at exchange of contracts. This will also be the date at which the mortgage becomes effective (sometimes the mortgage completion date may be a couple of days before this to ensure that the solicitor has funds on the due day). Get your free legal fees comparison quote here

LIBOR Linked Rate - LIBOR is the London Inter Bank Offered Rate and is the rate at which banks lend money to each other. LIBOR changes daily and a LIBOR linked mortgage will normally be adjusted every three months. LIBOR linked rates are usually quoted as X% above LIBOR.

Loan to Value (LTV) - The loan to value is expressed as a percentage and represents the relationship between the size of the mortgage and the value of the property. For example a mortgage of £30,000 on a property valued at £40,000 would be shown as 75% LTV. This is an important figure to look at when considering the various mortgage options as the higher the LTV required the fewer the options. The Mortgage Shop search facility will exclude schemes where the LTV requested is too high.

Loan Consolidation - Sometimes referred to as debt consolidation, this simply represents the policy of borrowing on mortgage in order to repay other loans or debts. This can be achieved as part of a Remortgage or by arranging a further advance from the existing lender.

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M

Mortgage Indemnity Guarantee (MIG) - This is known under many different names which include the following; Indemnity Premium, Insurance Guarantee Premium, Additional Security Fee, Mortgage Guarantee Premium, Mortgage Indemnity Premium amongst others.

This is a fee that is payable if a 'high percentage loan to value' is required. The MIG fee is used by the lender to purchase insurance to cover them in the event that you default on the mortgage and they make a loss on possession and resale of the property. The policy has no benefit to the borrower and offers no protection - indeed if your property is repossessed and the lender claims on the Mortgage Indemnity Insurance then the insurance company that has paid out the claim to the mortgage lender can still pursue you, the borrower, for repayment of that amount. The actual terms of the MIG will vary considerably from lender to lender and if you are told that this will apply you should check the details. Many lenders will impose this additional fee if you wish to borrow more than 75% of the value of the property and the premium payable will be calculated as a percentage of the amount you wish to borrow over that figure.

There are a handful of lenders that do not charge MIG premiums or who charge in a different way. A number of lenders have announced that as an incentive to attract new business they will meet the cost of the Indemnity premium. The terms/conditions as detailed above remain the same - all that has changed is the lender is paying the premium. Generally the changes that have been announced to date involve mortgage applications where there is a 10% deposit (90% loan to value ratio). Where we are aware of the changes, we have made note of the fact in the " details " section of each product.

A further point to note is that some lenders who start charging at a set figure, say 80% will back-charge the premium to 75% when calculating the indemnity charge. So if you are borrowing, say, 82% the premium is not charged from 80% but from the 75% level. When discussing your application with your chosen lenders be sure to ask whether MIG applies and at what level it is calculated.

Mortgage Rates - For details of up to date mortgage rates now click here.

Mortgage Term - This is the number of years over which the mortgage is arranged. If a capital and interest mortgage is being considered then it is worth looking at shorter terms than the traditional 25 year mortgage as considerable interest savings can be made by reducing the mortgage term by even a couple of years.

Mortgage Valuation - This is the most basic form of survey and is the minimum required by lenders in order to ascertain the suitability of the property as security for their loan. Although the borrower will normally receive a copy of this report it should not be relied upon as a comprehensive report on the condition of the property. A more detailed report (either a Home Buyers Report or Structural Survey) should be commissioned when considering the purchase of a property.

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N
Negative Equity - Last appeared in strength in the early 90's as a result of the slump in property prices, but also raised its ugly head in 2008. This describes the situation where the value of the property has fallen below the outstanding mortgage debt. Some lenders have particular products and policies to assist people who are trapped by Negative Equity.

Non-Status - Some lenders will offer non-status facilities which allow them to lend without proof of income and sometimes without proof of existing mortgage repayment record. The maximum Loan to Value on these schemes is normally 70% or below and a credit search will usually be carried out.

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O

Overseas Mortgages - These are usually loans on properties owned by individuals outside of the UK this could be in Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, Cyprus or indeed any other overseas country, they are best arranged by a reputable Independent Financial Adviser specialising in such, www.EuropeanMortgages.com.
P
Part Endowment - This describes a mortgage where only part of it is covered by an endowment policy. The balance could be arranged on an interest only basis or more commonly on a capital and interest basis.

Pension Mortgage - This is an interest only mortgage which is supported by a Personal Pension Plan. Interest only is paid to the lender and in addition premiums are paid into a Personal Pension Plan. On retirement a portion of the personal pension fund can be taken as a tax free cash sum and it is this cash lump sum (or a part of it ) which is used to repay the mortgage debt. The disadvantage of this type of mortgage is that the mortgage term must run through to anticipated retirement age (for the younger borrower this could exceed 25 years) and part of the retirement fund is used to repay the mortgage debt. The advantage is that the pension premiums attract tax relief at the borrowers highest rate.

Pep Mortgage - This is an interest only mortgage which is supported by a Personal Equity Plan. Interest only is paid to the lender and at the same time contributions are made to a Pep with the aim that the mortgage debt will be repaid on or before the end of the mortgage term from the proceeds of the Pep.

18/03/1998 addition: Pep's were withdrawn on 5th April 1999 and are being replaced by the Individual Savings Account. Existing Pep plans can remain in force and will remain both income tax and capital gains tax free.

Permanent Health Insurance (PHI) - This is a type of insurance which will pay a proportion of normal income in the event that the policyholder is unable to work due to accident, sickness or disability. These policies are normally used to replace a percentage of full income rather than just the mortgage repayment but the level of cover can be selected up to certain maximum levels. This type of cover should not be confused with ASU/ASR policies which will normally only cover the mortgage payment for a limited period of time. PHI policies can be arranged to pay income until a return to work or normal retirement age. See www.UKinsurances.com .

Personal Pension Plan - Personal Pension Plans are designed to cater for pension planning for the self employed or employed in non-pensionable employment. Contributions made to a personal pension plan are exempt from tax at the persons highest rate of tax and the retirement age may be selected at any time from age 50 to age 75. Up to 25% of the pension fund on retirement may be taken as a tax free cash sum and it is this tax free sum which is used to repay the mortgage debt in the case of a Pension Mortgage.

Portable - This describes the ability to move a particular mortgage product from one property to another in the event of a property move. This is particularly important if a fixed, capped, cash back or discounted product is taken where early redemption penalties are charged. If the product is not 'portable' then a house move would involve the payment of early redemption penalties even if another mortgage was taken with the same lender.

A portable mortgage means that the same scheme is transferred to the new mortgage for the remainder of the original term e.g. a 5 year fixed rate is taken which has redemption penalties within the first five years. If the borrower decides to move after two years then the same five year rate will apply to the new mortgage for the balance of the remaining three years. If the original product was not portable, however, then redemption penalties would be paid on redemption of the existing mortgage and a new product would have to be taken for the new mortgage.

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Q
R
Rates - For details of up to date mortgage rates now click here.

Redemption Penalty - An additional charge made by the lender if the mortgage is repaid within a pre-agreed period of time. These have become increasingly common with the growth in fixed rate and heavily discounted products. They are generally imposed to stop borrowers hopping from one lender to another simply to take advantage of the latest heavy discount or cheap fixed rate. Normally expressed as a number of months interest within a set period of years i.e. 6 months interest if redeemed within the first seven years but may also be expressed as a percentage of the mortgage debt i.e. 5% of the mortgage if redeemed within the first seven years. Careful attention should be paid to these penalties as they vary considerably from lender to lender and the lower and shorter the penalty the more attractive the deal.

Regional Lenders - This refers mainly to the smaller local Building Societies who restrict their lending to within certain regional locations. This could also be applied to a larger number of lenders who will not lend in Scotland or Northern Ireland and if you are looking for a mortgage in either of these areas you should check at an early stage that the lender will lend in these areas.

Remortgage - This is the process by which a mortgage on a property is moved from one lender to another. The new mortgage is used to repay the existing lender and at the same time additional funds may be raised for other purposes. Remortgaging has become an increasingly popular way to take advantage of the competitive deals offered by lenders to attract new business. If a Remortgage is being considered then careful attention should be paid to the costs associated with arranging the Remortgage as well as the savings to be made on the monthly repayment (the costs can sometimes erode any savings to be made). A check should also be made with the existing lender to ensure that there are no early redemption charges. Remortgage

Repayment Mortgage - Also called an Annuity mortgage or Capital and Interest mortgage. With this type of mortgage the monthly repayment includes an element of the capital sum borrowed in addition to the interest charged. In the early years of the mortgage the majority of the monthly repayment consists of interest with only a small part repaying the capital. However, as the debt gradually reduces the element of capital increases and the interest element reduces, so although the monthly repayment stays the same (assuming interest rate remain unaltered) the debt starts to reduce more quickly as the term of the mortgage progresses. On a 25 year term mortgage it would not be unusual to still owe over 50% of the original debt after the first 15 years. Providing the correct monthly repayments are made on their due dates this mortgage will guarantee to repay the total mortgage debt at the end of the mortgage term.

Residential Investment - see Buy To Let Mortgages

Retention - This relates to monies withheld by lenders until certain mortgage conditions are met. This will normally relate to repairs or improvements to the property that the lender is insisting on.

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S
Self-Certification - Several lenders will allow borrowers to self certify their income and no further checks on income are made. This type of scheme is useful to the self employed who may not have accounts available or any other person who has difficulty in proving their earned income. The lender will normally make checks on previous credit history and will require a clear credit search in addition to a good previous lenders reference.

Self-employed - This will usually cover anyone who is not paid under PAYE. In addition, for mortgage purposes, most lenders will class controlling directors as self employed or directors with more than a 20% shareholding. If this applies then the lender is likely to ask to see company accounts and to write to the companies external accountant for proof of income.

Stamp duty - This is a tax which is levied on the purchase of property. The tax is paid by purchasers.

Structural Survey - This is the most detailed type of survey report normally undertaken in connection with a House Purchase. If a Structural survey is opted for then the lender will also need to have a mortgage valuation carried out for their own purposes and the borrower will be responsible for both fees. An alternative may be a Home Buyers Report which will cover both the borrower and the lender but advice should be taken from a qualified surveyor who will be able to advise on individual properties and circumstances.

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T
Term Assurance - This is life assurance which pays out the insured sum on the death of the policy holder providing it occurs within the policy term. This is a common method to protect the mortgage in the event of death and to ensure that the mortgage debt is repaid. The most common types of this insurance are Mortgage Protection or Level Term Assurance.

Mortgage protection is normally used in connection with a capital and interest mortgage and the level of the insured cover reduces in line with the reduction in the mortgage debt. Level Term assurance is more likely to be used in connection with an interest only mortgage as the level of cover remains constant as does the mortgage debt. With Term Assurance cover there is no pay-out if the policyholder survives the policy term and the policy simply lapses with no value. This factor makes this type of cover relatively inexpensive. The Mortgage Shop offer FREE online quotations at its insurance section at www.UKinsurances.com.

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U
V

Variable Rate - This is the traditional way that mortgages were arranged before the concept of fixed rates. A variable rate will fluctuate up and down to reflect the true cost of borrowing. Some variable rates may be discounted for a period of time (see Discounted Rate).

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